July 3, 2020

macOS

Apple’s lineup consists of MacBook, MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, iMac, Mac Pro, and Mac Mini. It runs macOS for its operating system.

The Air features a 13-inch Retina display, the MacBook features a 12-inch Retina display, and the Pro is available in 13-inch and 15-inch Retina options.

The mini and Mac Pro both ship without peripherals — mouse, keyboard, display — and aren’t updated very frequently. The iMac is available in 21.5-inch and 27-inch versions, both with Retina displays.

The Mac is Apple’s longest-running product. It was originally released in 1984 for $2,495. Over the years, the form factor has changed, but the goal of it is still the same: to be the best mass-market personal computer. It comes with a number of free applications like Pages, Keynote, Numbers, iMovie, Garageband, and Apple Photos. Macs currently use Intel processors (announced in 2005), but there are rumors they are shifting to ARM processors in the next few years.

Since 2000, the operating system powering the computer was Mac OS X (rebranded as macOS in 2016). macOS has its roots from the NeXT days. When Apple purchased NeXT, they took their OPENSTEP project as the basis for what would become OS X. The original beta was released on September 13, 2000.

macOS versions released:

  • Mac OS X 10.0 – code name “Cheetah”, released to end users on Saturday, March 24, 2001
  • Mac OS X 10.1 – code name “Puma”, released to end users on Tuesday, September 25, 2001
  • Mac OS X 10.2 – also marketed as “Jaguar”, released to end users on Friday, August 23, 2002
  • Mac OS X Panther – version 10.3, released to end users on Friday, October 24, 2003
  • Mac OS X Tiger – version 10.4, released to end users on Friday, April 29, 2005
  • Mac OS X Leopard – version 10.5, released to end users on Friday, October 26, 2007
  • Mac OS X Snow Leopard – version 10.6, publicly unveiled on Monday, June 8, 2009
  • Mac OS X Lion – version 10.7, released to end users on Wednesday, July 20, 2011
  • OS X Mountain Lion – version 10.8, released to end users on Wednesday, July 25, 2012
  • OS X Mavericks – version 10.9, released to end users on Tuesday, October 22, 2013
  • OS X Yosemite – version 10.10, released to end users on Thursday, October 16, 2014
  • OS X El Capitan – version 10.11, released to end users on Wednesday, September 30, 2015
  • macOS Sierra – version 10.12, released to end users on Tuesday, September 20, 2016
  • macOS High Sierra – version 10.13, released to end users on Monday, September 25, 2017
  • macOS Mojave – version 10.14, released to end users on Monday, September 24, 2018
  • macOS Catalina – version 10.15, released to end users on Monday, October 7, 2019